ARMENISCHES ALPHABET PDF

Possible antecedents[ edit ] One of the classical accounts about the existence of an Armenian alphabet before Mashtots comes from Philo of Alexandria 20 BCE — 50 CE , who in his writings notes that the work of the Greek philosopher and historian Metrodorus of Scepsis ca. A third century Roman theologian, Hippolytus of Rome — CE , in his Chronicle, while writing about his contemporary, Emperor Severus Alexander reigned — CE , mentions that the Armenians are amongst those nations who have their own distinct alphabet. Koriwn notes that Mashtots was told of the existence of ancient Armenian letters which he was initially trying to integrate into his own alphabet. Medieval Armenian sources also claim that Mashtots invented the Georgian and Caucasian Albanian alphabets around the same time. However, most scholars link the creation of the Georgian script to the process of Christianization of Iberia , a core Georgian kingdom of Kartli. To know wisdom and instruction; to perceive the words of understanding.

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Possible antecedents[ edit ] One of the classical accounts about the existence of an Armenian alphabet before Mashtots comes from Philo of Alexandria 20 BCE — 50 CE , who in his writings notes that the work of the Greek philosopher and historian Metrodorus of Scepsis ca. A third century Roman theologian, Hippolytus of Rome — CE , in his Chronicle, while writing about his contemporary, Emperor Severus Alexander reigned — CE , mentions that the Armenians are amongst those nations who have their own distinct alphabet.

Koriwn notes that Mashtots was told of the existence of ancient Armenian letters which he was initially trying to integrate into his own alphabet. Medieval Armenian sources also claim that Mashtots invented the Georgian and Caucasian Albanian alphabets around the same time. However, most scholars link the creation of the Georgian script to the process of Christianization of Iberia , a core Georgian kingdom of Kartli. To know wisdom and instruction; to perceive the words of understanding.

Various scripts have been credited with being the prototype for the Armenian alphabet. Pahlavi was the priestly script in Armenia before the introduction of Christianity, and Syriac , along with Greek, was one of the alphabets of Christian scripture. Armenian shows some similarities to both. However, the general consensus is that Armenian is modeled after the Greek alphabet , supplemented with letters from a different source or sources for Armenian sounds not found in Greek.

Armenian manuscript of 10—11th centuries. History of Armenia of Movses Khorenatsi There are four principal calligraphic hands of the script. Bolorgir, or "cursive", was invented in the 10th century and became popular in the 13th. It has been the standard printed form since the 16th century. Notrgir, or "minuscule", invented initially for speed, was extensively used in the Armenian diaspora in the 16th to 18th centuries, and later became popular in printing.

Sheghagir, or "slanted writing", is now the most common form. Based on the known individuals mentioned in the inscription, it has been dated to the s. It is now in the Bibliotheque Nationale de France. Certain shifts in the language were at first not reflected in the orthography. The number and order of the letters have changed over time.

From to , Soviet Armenia adopted a reformed spelling of the Armenian language. Those outside of the Soviet sphere including all Western Armenians as well as Eastern Armenians in Iran have rejected the reformed spellings, and continue to use the traditional Armenian orthography. They criticize some aspects of the reforms see the footnotes of the chart and allege political motives behind them. Use for other languages[ edit ] For about years, from the early 18th century until around , more than 2, books in the Turkish language were printed using the Armenian alphabet.

Not only did Armenians read this Turkish in Armenian script, so did the non-Armenian including the Ottoman Turkish elite. An American correspondent in Marash in calls the alphabet "Armeno-Turkish", describing it as consisting of 31 Armenian letters and "infinitely superior" to the Arabic or Greek alphabets for rendering Turkish. The Armenian script was also used by Turkish-speaking assimilated Armenians between the s and s.

Constantinople was the main center of Armenian-scripted Turkish press. This portion of the Armenian press declined in the early twentieth century but continued until the Armenian Genocide of In the sign was finally adopted in the Armenian block of ISO and Unicode international standards.

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Category:Armenian alphabet

Faesho File:Armenian manuscripts. A Structural Reference Grammar. The system originally had 36 letters; eventually, three more were adopted. Koriwn notes that Mashtots was told of the existence of ancient Armenian letters which he was initially trying to integrate into his own alphabet. However, most scholars link the creation of the Georgian script to the process of Christianization of Iberiaa core Georgian kingdom of Kartli. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This portion of the Armenian press declined in the early twentieth century but continued until the Armenian Genocide of Based on the known individuals mentioned alphabt the inscription, it has been dated to the s.

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