Adagio cantabile[ edit ] This movement exemplifies the expressive Adagio style of many slow movements in the classical period. With the final return of the main theme, the accompaniment becomes richer and takes on the triplet rhythm of the second episode. There is a brief coda. Several rock songs have also sampled the cantabile. Billy Joel also used the cantabile as the melody for the chorus of his song " This Night " from the album An Innocent Man. Beethoven" is credited on the album sleeve as co-writing the chorus with Joel.

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C minor. The first bar phrase is the groundwork upon which the whole of the introduction is written. It is very modulatory in character, ending on the chord of the dominant minor ninth. Rhythmically the first subject ends at the end of Bar 8. The first four bars are constructed upon tonic pedal point. Bars Connecting Episode. The connecting episode begins with a repetition of the first subject ending upon the dominant, Bars , followed by a passage in C minor, also ending on the dominant, Bars , repeated, Bars Three passages founded upon the first subject, Bars key of G , Bars key of A flat , and Bars key of B flat , and six bars, Bars , principally composed of a repetition of the first cadence, on pedal point the time being augmented , lead to the appearance of the second subject.

The second subject begins in E flat minor instead of E flat major. It is divided into three parts: first part, Bars beginning in E flat minor ; second part, Bars in E flat major ; third part, Bars in E flat major. The Coda contains a portion of the first subject in E flat major, it ends of the first inversion of the dominant seventh of G minor, Bar Double bar and repeat.

The introduction is again referred to, Bars and , the figure used being undoubtedly taken from it. The connecting episode begins with a repetition of the first four bars of the first subject, and is formed principally upon Bars of the same subject. Expecting at the commencement and at the close, it quite differs from the original connecting episode. The first part of the second subject instead of being in C minor re-appears first in F minor, Bars At Bar it, as well as the other parts, occur in the tonic key.

Ab major. The first subject of eight bars ending on full close in the tonic is repeated varied an eighth higher, Bars This episode begins, Bar 16, in F minor, but at Bar 20 it modulates to E flat, the dominant. The first subject re-appears without a varied repetition. This episode commences in A flat minor. In it are two instances of enharmonic modulation: at Bar 42, where it modulates to E major, in which key the first part is repeated, and at Bar 48 the modulation here being from the key of E major into the chord of the dominant minor ninth of E flat.

This chord is followed by dominant harmony chords of the eleventh and dominant seventh leading into the third appearance of the first subject in tonic key. At the commencement of this episode the rhythm of the harmony of the accompaniment is changed into triplets, and continues so to the end of the movement. The first subject is repeat an eighth higher as at the commencement , Bar Form: Rondo Form. The first subject ends Bar 9, Bars being only a continuation of it.

This episode is in sequential form, a phrase in F minor, Bars , being repeated with slight alterations in E flat major, Bars The third subject, Bars , is varied, Bars After four bars of imitation it appears again varied , Bars Bars After the second variation of the third variation, ending on the dominant, Bar , there is a passage of fourteen bars on dominant pedal point preparatory to the third entry of the first subject. This episode is built upon the sixth and seventh bars of the first subject.

It is sequential in form, Bars in C minor are repeated, Bars It then modulates, by the aid of the augmented sixth, to the key of C major, in which key the second subject immediately begins. The Coda begins with a passage, Bars , founded upon a part of the second subject Bar 34 varied and lengthened, Bars It is followed by a passage in C minor, Bars , modulating by means of the Neapolitan sixth Bar to the dominant seventh of A flat major; the passage ends on pause, Bar , and a final reference to the first subject in the key of A flat major repeat ; it modulates back to the tonic key by means of the chord of the augmented sixth, Bar The movement closes with a descending passage in the harmonic minor scale.


Piano Sonata No.8, Op.13 (Beethoven, Ludwig van)



Pathétique Sonata


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