It is not clear when he officially changed his last name. In , he began traveling throughout Iran making speeches against the government of the Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi , the Shah king of Iran. During those years he was arrested many times and was banned from delivering public speeches. During five terms in the Majlis and for a total of 20 years from to , he served in various capacities including deputy speaker of the Majlis in 4th and 5th terms , as well as the head of defense committee 1st and 2nd terms , and foreign policy committee 4th and 5th terms.
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During the Iranian Revolution —79 , he was one of the student leaders who organized demonstrations. After the revolution, like many of his peers, he joined the Revolutionary Guards , a religious militia group formed by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Parallel to his service with the Revolutionary Guards in the Iran-Iraq War —88 , he continued his studies at IUST, eventually earning a doctorate in transportation engineering and planning.
After his term as governor ended in , he returned to IUST as a lecturer. Presidency In Ahmadinejad announced his candidacy for the presidency of Iran. Despite his service as mayor of the capital city, he was largely considered a political outsider, and opinion polls showed little support for him prior to the first round of elections. Through a massive nationwide mobilization of supporters and with the support of hard-line conservatives , however, Ahmadinejad managed to secure one-fifth of the vote, which propelled him into the second round of balloting, in which he easily defeated his more moderate rival, former president Hashemi Rafsanjani.
Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today First term As president, Ahmadinejad presented himself as a populist, initially focusing on issues such as poverty and social justice. His first months in office were characterized by internal challenges brought about by a sweeping changing of the guard in all key positions.
His confrontational style was sometimes subject to criticism internally as well, and in local elections in December his allies lost ground to moderates. In April Ahmadinejad announced that Iran had begun to produce nuclear fuel on an industrial scale, and international sanctions meant to penalize the country for the opacity and the persistence of its nuclear program mounted.
In September Ahmadinejad—in New York City to address the United Nations General Assembly —sparked considerable controversy in a speech given at Columbia University in which he suggested the need for further research on the Holocaust and denied the presence of any homosexual individuals in Iran.
On the same trip, a request to pay his respects at the site of the September 11, , attacks proved politically inflammatory and was denied by New York City police, ostensibly due to security concerns and construction at the site. By contrast, in March Ahmadinejad visited Iraq, becoming the first leader of Iran to do so since the Iranian Revolution.
In November he extended his congratulations to Barack Obama for his victory in the U. At the same time, the international sanctions imposed on Iran in response to its nuclear program made it difficult to attract foreign investment. As a result, the economic situation became not only a point of criticism but an important campaign issue leading up to the presidential elections.
However, shortly after the polls closed on June 12, officials indicated that Ahmadinejad had secured an outright victory in the first round, achieving more than 60 percent of the vote. Mousavi and his supporters protested the results, charging electoral irregularities, and demonstrations unfolded in the capital and elsewhere in the days that followed; opposition detainments were also reported.
Shortly thereafter, however, he also called for an official inquiry by the Council of Guardians a body of jurists that reviews legislation and supervises elections into the allegations of electoral irregularities.
The decision was quickly followed by an announcement by the Council of Guardians that the vote would be subject to a partial recount, a motion that fell short of the annulment the opposition had sought. Subsequent protests were greeted with increasing brutality as well as threats of further confrontation. On June 22, little more than a week after the election, the Council of Guardians confirmed that 50 constituencies had returned more votes than there were registered voters a figure well below what the opposition alleged.
Although the irregularities bore the potential to affect some three million votes, the Council of Guardians indicated that this would not change the outcome of the election itself. He was succeeded by Hassan Rouhani. This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen , Corrections Manager. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
Dikenal sebagai salah satu pemimpin yang mempunyai kesederhanaan. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad atau bisa dibaca Ahmadinezhad dilahirkan pada tanggal 28 Oktober Ia adalah mantan Presiden Iran yang keenam. Jabatan kepresidenannya dimulai pada 3 Agustus
Biografi Tokoh Dunia: Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Presiden Iran yang Sederhana
Inflation and unemployment also decreased under Ahmadinejad due to better economic management and ending the unsustainable spending and borrowing patterns of previous administrations. He also initially refused a gradual increase of petrol prices, saying that after making necessary preparations, such as a development of public transportation system, the government would free up petrol prices after five years. One unintended effect of this stimulation of the economy has been the bidding up of some urban real estate prices by two or three times their pre-Ahmadinejad value by Iranians seeking to invest surplus cash and finding few other safe opportunities. Ahmadinejad publicly responded harshly to the letter and denounced the accusations. Current political conflicts with the United States caused the central bank to fear increased capital flight due to global isolation. These factors prevented an improvement of infrastructure and capital influx, despite high economic potential. Peripheral issues which were not of dire importance to the nation were given priority.
Biografi Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Ahmadinejad kerap digambarkan dalam gaya hidupnya yang sangat sederhana, bahkan pernah diberitakan mengenakan jas yang sobek. Dia adalah anak keempat dari tujuh bersaudara. Ayahnya, Ahmad Saborjhian, adalah seorang pandai besi. Saat keluarganya pindah dari Aradan ke Teheran pada , Ahmad mengganti nama keluarganya menjadi Ahmadinejad.
BIOGRAFI MAHMOUD AHMADINEJAD PDF
Ahmadinejad swept to the presidential post with a stunning 17,, votes out of a total of 27,, votes cast in the runoff election. A few days before the vote, Rafsanjani said that the race was "very close" but he believed he was "slightly ahead" of Ahmadinejad. When he took office in August , Ahmadinejad became the first non-cleric president to lead Iran in 24 years. In the Islamic Republic of Iran, political power is vested in the Supreme Guide, a religious personage elected by the Assembly of Experts.